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Home » Earthquake (138 Papers)

The Earthquake Phenomenon
Every year there are about a million earthquakes. Fortunately, not all of them are destructive. The intensity of an earthquake is measured on the Richter Scale, which goes from zero upward. Major damage generally occurs from earthquakes ranging from 6.0 upwards. The damaging earthquakes also occur either in the narrow belt, which surrounds the Pacific Ocean or in a line, which extends from Burma to the Alps in Europe. Earthquakes are one of natural wonders of the world that cause the most d ... Every year there are about a million earthquakes. ... Major damage generally occurs from earthquakes ranging from 6.0 upwards. ... The most common effect associated with earthquakes is the ground shaking. ... Another effect earthquakes have is soil liquefaction. ... Earthquakes that occur under the ocean cause tsunamis. ... Wordcount: 574 Pages: 2
Mid-Continent Earthquakes
Mid-Continent Earthquakes and Their Effect on Concrete Structures Disasters come in many shapes, sizes, and forms yet all are detrimental to people and structures of all types. The most terrifying of all disasters are natural disasters, the force of nature is rivaled by no man made disaster. One of the natural disasters that has terrorized as well as fascinated humans through out history is the earthquake. Most earthquakes are associated with areas such as Southern California or China, bu ... Concrete being a very brittle material is affected greatly during an earthquake but through technology many advancements have been made to compensate for the damaging effects caused by an earthquake. This paper will discuss mid-continent earthquakes of the past, their effect on concrete structures, problems effecting concrete structures, and alternative materials and solutions to bypass those problems during future earthquakes. Mid-Continent Earthquakes A series of earthquakes occurred between December 1811 and February 1812 in the New Madrid Seismic Zone which is in the Mississippi Rive... Wordcount: 2148 Pages: 9
The Killer Quake of 1906
The Earthquake of 1906 On the morning 12 past 5:00 San Francisco suffered a major earthquake that killed 3000 people, the earthquake lasted for about 40 seconds and was recorded at 8.3 on the Richter Scale. People ran from there houses and some stayed inside the buildings and were crushed. The people who ran in the streets were killed by toppled buildings falling from above. There fire department was efficient but the water pipes that go down the San Andreas Fault were severed. The fire could ... The Earthquake of 1906 On the morning 12 past 5:00 San Francisco suffered a major earthquake that killed 3000 people, the earthquake lasted for about 40 seconds and was recorded at 8.3 on the Richter Scale. ... The old buildings were never made to withstand earthquakes and easily crumbled and fell crushed people. ... The buildings were made out of unreined forced brick or wood which couldn't withstand a earthquake of that magnitude. ... Scientists found out that the earthquake originated north of Oregon and south to Los Angeles a total of 1170 Km. ... The two slide together caused the e... Wordcount: 410 Pages: 2
The Memorable Events of Our Lives
Every day in our lives, we have to go through different events that we have to overcome through those. Some events are very good, but others give us many problems and never seem to leave. I remember one day in my life in which I had many problems from which I did not know of any exits. It was about fifteen years ago. I went to Moldova to my friends and spent a couple weeks with them. My friends lived in a big nice two-story house, and they had a big nice garden. Everything around their house was ... It was a powerful earthquake. ... After the earthquake, its aftershocks lasted about three days, but the first day was the hardest day. ... My parents worried about me, and we could not call them because the phones did not work after the earthquake for a couple days. ... Many people throughout the whole country helped to those helpless people, but I think not everyone can imagine that those people lived through this earthquake. ... Wordcount: 670 Pages: 3
The Hammer of Eden
The Hammer of Eden, written by Ken Follett, is a story of a hippie group in northern California, whose mountain home is in danger of becoming a lake. The group takes extraordinary measures to make sure this doesn't happen. Under the leadership of the main character Richard Granger, better known as Priest the group steals a seismic vibrator to cause earthquakes to make sure their valley doesn't become a lake. The story takes a step in the different direction than most Ken Follett books by n ... Follett tries to bring out a realistic scenario in The Hammer of Eden by using the earthquake prone California as a realistic location for a place to cause an earthquake. ... The group decides the easiest way to stop the government from damming the valley is to threaten to cause an earthquake if their demands are not met. ... The group's demands are not met and finally the group is forced to cause an earthquake. The group causes three earthquakes before they finally cut it too close and they don't make it away in time. ... In this book's case she is the FBI agent who is able... Wordcount: 609 Pages: 2
The Concept of Classification
Ways of Classification The concept of classification can be quite difficult to understand due to the many similarities that exist in what is being classified. There are tiny little details that make objects hard to distinguish from one another. Classification is a way of sorting out the details and finding ways to distinguish one object from another. Classifying things need to exist because that is how we are able to tell things apart. For instance, our society depends on automobiles to get ... As an earthquake disturbs the crust, the molten mass moves up to the surface. ... Wordcount: 603 Pages: 2
the Biggest Tsunami
Tsunamis have occurred on many occasions all around the world. Volcanic eruptions, landslides, earthquakes, and other natural disasters have caused these massive waves. A tsunami is a towering ocean wave generated by tectonic displacements such as undersea earthquakes, landslides, cosmic collisions, or volcanic eruptions. There is a common misconception that a tsunami is a tidal wave. Although the impact of a tsunami on a coastline may change depending upon the tidal level at the time when one ... Volcanic eruptions, landslides, earthquakes, and other natural disasters have caused these massive waves. ... The most frequent cause of tsunamis is earthquakes. A tsunami that is caused by an undersea earthquake is also called seismic sea wave. ... Tsunami-producing earthquakes usually exceed 6.5 on the Richter scale. ... A strong earthquake would usually generate a tsunami capable of traveling vast distances. ... Wordcount: 793 Pages: 3
The Natural Destructive Forces of Tsunami
Throughout the world, there are many forces of nature, which contain massive destructive power. At any given point in time, somewhere on the globe, there can be earthquakes, tornadoes, floods, heatwaves or even volcanic eruptions, to name just a few. One of the most feared of all the naturally occurring destructive forces is the tsunami. The word tsunami is of Japanese origin. The word "tsunami" is both singular and plural. It literally translates to "Harbor Wave". The name ... At any given point in time, somewhere on the globe, there can be earthquakes, tornadoes, floods, heatwaves or even volcanic eruptions, to name just a few. ... Earthquakes are the most common cause of tsunami, followed by landslides, volcanic eruptions, and meteorite impacts. ... An earthquake-generated tsunami occurs when an earthquake causes a deformation of the seafloor, which will cause a corresponding displacement of the overlying seawater from its equilibrium position. ... Examination of the database shows the following statistics: SEP 20,1498 an earthquake in Nankaido, Japan caused a... Wordcount: 2830 Pages: 11
Year 2000 Scare Issue
The Y2K scare has gotten the entire world"s attention with the radical headline that the world may come to an end. Although disputable, January 1st 2000 or January 1st 2001 is the deadline which electric appliances, computer databases, and many other "necessities" in our culture will cease to work. There is another date very little attention has been given, however. May 5th 2000 has been speculated for many centuries as an important date for mankind. It is the day five of the nine planets an ... Very detailed descriptions include famine, flooding, earthquakes, and celestial phenomenon. ... Since in the second half of 1999 there have been increased numbers of earthquakes around the world, such as in Taiwan and Mexico in September 1999, Southern California in October 1999, it is quite possible there could be some major earthquakes worldwide in May 2000 from this increased gravitational stress on earth. ... It is also quite possible major worldwide earthquakes and volcanoes could occur. Japan and Southern California are due for major magnitude 8 earthquakes, for example. ... The planet... Wordcount: 986 Pages: 4
Continental Drift Theory
Continental Drift Continental drift is the theory that the positions of the earth's continents have changed a lot through geologic time. The German meteorologist Alfred Wegener proposed the first comprehensive theory of continental drift in 1912, on the basis of the way the continents fit together on the opposing Atlantic coasts and paleontology correlation on both sides of the Atlantic. He proposed the theory that about 200 million years ago there was one great big continent, or superco ... The boundaries of the zones are where tectonic activities occur, and where earthquakes and volcanic eruptions tend to happen. ... Volcanic Arcs and Subduction Seismology showed that the earthquakes associated with some seacoasts occur at shallow depths near the ocean side of volcanic island arcs, a chain of islands like Japan. ... Scientists use the term subduction for the process that produces this earthquake pattern. They proposed that earthquake type subduction zones form when two plates moving in directions toward each other come together. ... Wordcount: 743 Pages: 3
True Understanding of Candide
For a reader to have a true understanding of Candide, they must know the purpose of Voltaire"s writing. Voltaire shows the flaws of Leibniz", a German philosopher of Voltaire"s time, idea that the world they live in is the best of all possible worlds cause it is God"s creation through the use of satire. Voltaire uses Pangloss and a contrasting character, Martin, to point out the shortcomings in Leibniz" philosophy. Voltaire creates Pangloss, a firm believer of Leibniz" philosophy, to show ... Voltaire also uses events, such as the Lisbon earthquake and war to show that things are not always for the best. ... Another example of how Voltaire ridicules Pangloss' optimistic philosophy is the mention of the Lisbon earthquake and fire. Even though the disas ous earthquake takes over 30,000 lives, Pangloss still upholds his philosophical optimism by stating, "For all that is is for the best...It is impossible that things should be other than they are(11)". ... Wordcount: 672 Pages: 3
Jefferson's Nephew: A Frontier Tragedy
A cruel axe murder and dismemberment of a black slave was committed in 1811 by two brothers, Lilburne and Isham Lewis. Their mother was Thomas Jefferson's sister, and their father was Jefferson's first cousin. This story forms the core of a real-life, historical detective story and an account of the violence of frontier life in western Kentucky. On December 15, 1811, drunk and enraged over the breaking of a pitcher, Lilburne went on a rampage because the pitcher had once belonged to be his moth ... In the months following the murder, there were many earthquakes in the area. ... Nine days of quiet passed, and then, during the first week of February, there were more earthquakes, violently shaking the land in the dark, early hours of the morning of February 7th. ... Jonah Hibbs is the man who is said to have found the head of George (the head was part of the remains that didn't get devoured by the earthquake). ... Wordcount: 540 Pages: 2
The Risk of the Construction and Presence of Dams
* Grade 10 Geography Units 12, 13, 14 Essay - Effects of Dam Building Many people have already dammed a small stream using sticks and mud by the time they become adults. Humans have used dams since early civilization, because four-thousand years ago they became aware that floods and droughts affected their well-being and so they began to build dams to protect themselves from these effects.1 The basic principles of dams still apply today as they did before; a dam must prevent water from bein ... The water standing in the reservoir evaporates when not used and the rest of the water becomes more salty.10 There is another theory that dams are causing earthquakes, when these large structures are placed with the mass of the unnatural weight of the lake near it, this disrupts the Earth's surface and is a new precaution where before it was never heard of. ... For instance if an Earthquake happens then, along with cracks in the ground, buildings falling, there would also be a flood and large pieces of the broken dam to cope with.11 Dams are harming the environment that people live ... Wordcount: 1186 Pages: 5
plate
Lab Report The structure of the earth is made up of many layers, but the crust and the upper mantle make up the lithosphere. The lithosphere is divided into individual sections called plates. The rest of the mantle makes up the asthenosphere. Convection in asthenosphere causes the plates to shift and move about. We can tell where the plates are or have been because volcanoes and earthquakes have their own boundaries when the are active. Tectonic plates have three ... We can tell where the plates are or have been because volcanoes and earthquakes have their own boundaries when the are active. ... The friction and heat caused by the plates sliding all over the place causes volcanoes if it melts the rock and earthquakes if the plates slip while sliding away and towards each other. ... Wordcount: 601 Pages: 2
Natural Disaster Responses in California
"PEOPLE AND THE DISASTERS THEY ARE NOT AFRAID OF" FOR YEARS, GEOLOGISTS HAVE BEEN PREDICTING THAT A MAJOR EARTHQUAKE WILL OCCUR IN CALIFORNIA. IN OCTOBER 1989, A 7.1 QUAKE HIT THE SAN FRANCISCO AREA. FIVE YEARS LATER, NORTHRIDGE AND SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA EXPERIENCED AN EARTHQUAKE OF SIMILAR MAGNITUDE. WHY TOO MANY PEOPLE IS STILL COMING TO PLACES LIKE CALIFORNIA WHERE EARTHQUAKES AND NATURAL DISASTERS ARE PREDICTED? IN MY POINT OF VIEW, THESE ARE THE STRONGEST REASONS: THE MOST POPULAR PL ... "PEOPLE AND THE DISASTERS THEY ARE NOT AFRAID OF" FOR YEARS, GEOLOGISTS HAVE BEEN PREDICTING THAT A MAJOR EARTHQUAKE WILL OCCUR IN CALIFORNIA. ... FIVE YEARS LATER, NORTHRIDGE AND SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA EXPERIENCED AN EARTHQUAKE OF SIMILAR MAGNITUDE. WHY TOO MANY PEOPLE IS STILL COMING TO PLACES LIKE CALIFORNIA WHERE EARTHQUAKES AND NATURAL DISASTERS ARE PREDICTED? ... Wordcount: 593 Pages: 2
Story of Plate Tectonics
The story of Plate Tectonics is the story of continents drifting from place to place, breaking apart, colliding, and grinding against each other (Story pp). It is also the story of terrestrial mountain ranges rising up while being pushed together, of oceans opening and closing, of undersea mountain chains girdling the planet like seams on a baseball, and of violent earthquakes and fiery volcanoes (Story pp). Plate Tectonics describes the intricate design of a complex, living planet in a state ... It is also the story of terrestrial mountain ranges rising up while being pushed together, of oceans opening and closing, of undersea mountain chains girdling the planet like seams on a baseball, and of violent earthquakes and fiery volcanoes (Story pp). ... Today, scientists have a fairly good understanding of how the plates move and how such movements relate to earthquake activity (Understanding pp). ... The majority of transform faults are found on the ocean floor and commonly offset the active spreading ridges, producing zig-zag plate margins, and are generally defined by shallow earthqu... Wordcount: 1237 Pages: 5 Bibliography
A Research Paper on Building Bridges
REASEARCH PAPER Bridges have been around sense the beginning of time. The Ancient Roman engineers used two significant innovations, the cofferdam and cement. The cofferdam is when the put wooden spikes in to the bottom of the river then used watertight clay over the spikes to make a bridge. Now today there are more efficient ways to make a bridge then just out of cement and clay. There are Suspension Bridges, Arch Bridges, Covered Bridges and many more. Suspension bridges have become a very comm ... The bridge has a wind-proof and earthquake-resident construction, withstanding winds up to 80 meters per second and earthquakes reaching from 8.5 on the Richter scale. ... Wordcount: 524 Pages: 2
The Geologic Features of My. Vesuvius
The purpose of this paper is to introduce, discuss, and analyze the topic of science in geology. Specifically it will discuss the geologic features of Mt. Vesuvius. Mt. Vesuvius may be the most noted volcano in the world. It is certainly one of the most studied. Almost everyone in the world knows the volcano erupted in early Roman history, burying the town of Pompeii and several other towns, which have become rich in geologic and archeological discovery. Mt. Vesuvius is still a model of vol ... Earthquakes triggered by seismic and volcanic activity also plague the area. The most recent earthquake in 1980 killed 3,000 people, and records indicate a major earthquake in 62 A.D. preceded the 79 A.D. eruption (Allison 112). ... Thus, the area continues to suffer from earthquakes, as the 1980 quake clearly shows. ... Wordcount: 1891 Pages: 8 Bibliography
Atlantis: Paradise Island
Atlantis An island paradise whose lush valleys and natural resources made it a perfect place for nourishing an advanced civilization who thrived while the rest of the world was still trying to bring themselves out of the "Bronze age". The island housed many natural resources and many animals while the ocean provided fish and naval trading with the neighboring civilizations. The island's vastness led to many tales and stories, which leads to one in particular. Plato was a scholar who af ... "Now in this island of Atlantis there was a great and wonderful empire which had rule over the whole island and several others, and over parts of the continent, and, furthermore, the men of Atlantis had subjugated the parts of Libya within the columns of Hercules as far as Egypt, and of Europe, as far as Tyrrhenia .......there occurred violent earthquakes and floods: and in a single day and night of misfortune......the island of Atlantis disappeared into the depths of the sea."... Earthquakes ravaged the land and destroyed the cities. ... One of the most important similarities is that Atlantis... Wordcount: 1190 Pages: 5
Leibnez's Theory
In Candide, Voltaire sought to point out the flaws of Gottfried William von Leibniz's theory of optimism and the hardships brought on by the inaction toward the evils of the world. Voltaire's use of satire, and its techniques of exaggeration and contrast highlight the evil and brutality of war and the world in general when men are meekly accepting their fate. Leibniz, a German philosopher and mathematician of Voltaire's time, developed the idea that the world they were living in at that time wa ... Another example of how Voltaire ridicules Pangloss' optimistic philosophy is the mention of the Lisbon earthquake and fire. Even though the disastrous earthquake took over 30,000 lives, Pangloss still upheld his philosophical optimism by stating, "For all this is for the very best...For it is impossible that things should not be where they are." The disaster in Lisbon affected Voltaire's life so much that he wrote the Poem on the Lisbon Disaster, but Pangloss' philosophy said that the Lisbon earthquake was necessary in the course of nature, and there was definitely a rationale f... Wordcount: 1069 Pages: 4
Physics Of Impact On WTC Attack
On September 11th, 2001, a great tragedy struck America. Terrorists high-jacked airplanes and flew them into the two towers of the World Trade Center. The towers, approximately 1700 feet tall, were built to withstand an airplane crash, but the burning fuel was not accounted for. At 8:46am, the first plane hit the North Tower at the 96th floor. The plane flew right into staircases and elevators in the core of the tower. This prevented people from escaping. The impact ignites more th ... The impact of the collapse was equal to a 2.0 magnitude earthquake. ... Wordcount: 302 Pages: 1
The Importance of Religion in Ancient Greece
Religion in Ancient Greece The ancient Greeks were a deeply religious people. For them, religion was important because they believed that it would make their lives better while they were living. They also worshipped many gods whom they believed appeared in human form and yet were gifted with superhuman strength and timeless beauty. Even though its exact origin is lost in time, Greek religion is thought to date from about t ... Greeks believed that Zeus was the ruler of the universe and that he showed his existence though lightning, thunder, and earthquakes. ... Wordcount: 275 Pages: 1
Mother Nature
Nature has a certain presence or spirit. It"s an almost indescribable feeling just to go out to the middle of the sea or into a forest and just sit there in awe of its beauty. Nature has a certain mystique and mystery to it that draws people to it. Nature, described as mysterious and secretive, is a recurrent theme throughout many stories. People sometimes call nature "Mother Nature" because it can heal, nurture, or destroy. Others believe it to a God because of the power it has over humans. She ... Storms, rain, snow, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions are caused by Mother Nature. ... Wordcount: 319 Pages: 1
Pacific Northwest Geology
Introduction The Pacific Northwest is rich in volcanoes. They vary in size, shape, and range from small volcanic cinders to majestic ice-covered mountains. The Cascade Range runs from Northern California to Northern Washington and contains many well known peaks such as Mount Ranier located in Washington and Mount Shasta located in California (Harris, 1988). People are continually taking these magnificent landforms for granted. We go skiing, and hiking and do many other recreational sports a ... A strong earthquake with a magnitude of 4.0 (Richter Scale) was recorded directly under the mountain (Carson, 2000). ... By March 24 the earthquakes were as frequent as one per minute and as strong 4.0 on the Richter scale (Carson, 2000). ... Through mid-May about 10,000 earthquakes were recorded. The earthquake activity was concentrated in a small zone less than 1.6 miles directly beneath the bulge on the north flank of Mount St. ... PDT, apparently in response to a magnitude 5.1 earthquake about 1 mile beneath the volcano, the bulged, north flank of Mount St. ... Wordcount: 2610 Pages: 10
The Real Action on 1951
The real action came on Feb. 18, 1951, when City College players Ed Warner, Ed Roman and Al Roth were arrested on charges of bribery in Penn Station, New York. They were returning home from Philadelphia where City beat Temple, 95-71. The arrests of the three City College players on that February evening were the initial tremor of the earthquake of scandal that hit college basketball. Eventually, District Attorney Frank Hogan arrested 32 players from seven colleges who fixed 86 games between 194 ... The arrests of the three City College players on that February evening were the initial tremor of the earthquake of scandal that hit college basketball. ... Wordcount: 347 Pages: 1