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Home » Child Labor (371 Papers)

Child Labor During Industrial Revolution
The industrial revolution was one of the hardest times in American history. With these hard times brought pollution, poverty, and prejudice. Along with these corruption"s brought one of the darkest sides of the industrial revolution and America"s past, child labor. The industrial revolution brought many social evils. One of possibly the most worse of the social issues happens to be the unfair treatment of children in labor. Child Labor was a scandal of the nineteenth century. Child L ... Child Labor was a scandal of the nineteenth century. ... Parliament appealed to a Board of Health to stop child labor. ... Slowly but surely, other states started to turn their backs on the evils of child labor (Child Labor, p. 132). ... (Child Labor, p. 133). Could this be the end of child labor? ... Wordcount: 2048 Pages: 8 Bibliography
Lewis Hine's Fight Against "Child Labor"
Child labor was and is still an existing practice in the world today. Manuel, a five-year old worked at a seafood cannery in Biloxi, Mississippi, with a shrimp pail in each hand and a mountain of oyster shells behind his back. He is typical for thousands of working children in the years before the civil war, especially the turn of the century. America's army of child laborers had been growing steadily for the past century. The nation's economy was expanding. Factories, minds and mills neede ... Child labor was and is still an existing practice in the world today. ... By the early 1900's, many Americans were calling child labor "child slavery" and were demanding an end to it. ... The campaign against child labor was not directed to them. ... A lot of the states failed to even enforce the weakest child labor laws. ... It was hard enough to get honest child-labor laws passed and obeyed. ... Wordcount: 2355 Pages: 9
Child Labor and the Wide Range of Economic Activities
Child Labor Until recently, child labor has not been recognized as an issue of important global concern. Developing countries continued, as they had for centuries, the accepted practice of using children as young as four and five to labor in conditions of bondage, serfdom, and slavery. International public attention regarding the plight of the young workers has grown steadily over the past few years, provoking world wide discussion of the problem and possible ethical solutions. The Interna ... Child Labor Until recently, child labor has not been recognized as an issue of important global concern. ... tourism Child labor is the single most important source of child exploitation and child abuse in the world today. ... The legality and illegality of child labor varies from country to country. The Department of Labor and Bureau of International Labor Affairs defines "child labor" as any economic activity performed by a person under the age of 15. ... The International Labor Organization distinguishes three types of child labor. ... Wordcount: 2595 Pages: 10
A Report on Child Labor
The reaction of a typical citizen of a western state to child labor is generally one of disgust. They dream up images of a shoe factory in South Eastern Asia with hundreds of children stooped over sewing machines slaving their youth away. Instead of going to school or playing these children are locked in dangerous workshops, paid barely enough to survive. The truth of the matter is quite different. The average westerner does not realize that most often child laborers are working alongside t ... The reaction of a typical citizen of a western state to child labor is generally one of disgust. ... Before examining child labor abroad we should look at it here in the United States. ... There is a high correlation in South Asia between child labor and adult unemployment. ... Education could still be a force to decrease child labor here. As child labor is high when educational opportunity is low, the mere act of building a school and hiring good teachers could do much to decrease child labor in the near future. ... Wordcount: 1611 Pages: 6
The Long History of Child Labor
After almost 200 years, slavery still has not been fully abolished. We, as members of western civilization, are still actively involved in slavery in the form of child labor. Child labor is any economic activity performed by someone younger than of age fifteen (Otis et al. 612). Therefore child domestic servants are children under the age of 15 who are forced to work in households or factories against their own will for promise of pay or remuneration or no compensation at all. The history of chi ... Governments are unwilling or unable to stop Child Labor practices because Child labor is a large part of that country's economy. ... This threat allows Child Labor to persist. Child slave labor is inhumane, immoral, and unjust. ... The problem of child labor is indeed a pressing one. ... Several experts on labor issues proposed solutions to the problem of child labor. ... Wordcount: 1239 Pages: 5
Rampant Child Labor
"The children are the future of our nation." This famous line of Dr. Jose Rizal has gained prominence especially among policy makers in their quest to develop and implement laws and programs that will propel the total development of a nation's millions of children. I personally agree with Rizal's vision since each child is a potential contributor in the improvement of society. A child may seem insignificant in determining the status or condition of a society, but collectively it is a major d ... In the 1997 Asian consultation on Child Labor, representatives of government and non-government organizations, as well as the child workers themselves tallied the most intolerable forms of child labor. ... The negative impact of child labor often causes irreparable damage to the child's physical and psychological development. ... Today, because of the increase in child labor, the basic minimum age of employment in the Philippines is contained in Republic Act 7658. ... Since 1988, the Government of the Philippines, in partnership with UNICEF among others, has established programs for ch... Wordcount: 609 Pages: 2
The Horror of Child Labor
The Horror of Child Labor Over 150 years later, the same situation exists. Light was not exactly shed in the problems of child labor in the mid-1800"s. Soon, authors like Elizabeth Barrett Browning stepped to the forefront and raised public awareness for the deplorable conditions child laborers were subjected to. When government investigations into child labor revealed the rampant exploitation of children, Browning responded with a poem created in sympathy, taking the form of her 1843 poem, "T ... The Horror of Child Labor Over 150 years later, the same situation exists. Light was not exactly shed in the problems of child labor in the mid-1800"s. ... When government investigations into child labor revealed the rampant exploitation of children, Browning responded with a poem created in sympathy, taking the form of her 1843 poem, "The Cry of the Children.... The young children speak directly to the audience, conveying their own feelings about their labors. ... Child labor issues continue to plague our society, but thanks to the work of authors like Browning, the incidences continu... Wordcount: 1128 Pages: 5
The Progressive Era (1890-1920)
The Progressive Era The decades between 1890 and 1920 was a period of vital reform activity that historians have called, The Progressive Era. In this era millions of Americans organized in voluntary associations to come up with solutions to the many problems. Industrialization, with all its increase in productivity and the number of consumer goods, created unemployment and labor unrest, wasteful use of natural resources and abuses of corporate power. Growing cities added to the problems o ... Passed in 1893 the act prohibited child labor and limited women's working hours. ... State legislatures eventually passed laws banning or restricting child labor. ... In 1904, the National Child Labor Committee, was organized by a group of reformers to end child labor. ... We still have violation of child labor laws, even now here in the United States, child labor remains a serious problem. ... Child labor problems generally occur wherever poverty exists. ... Wordcount: 2327 Pages: 9
History American Labor Unions
The American Labor Movement of the nineteenth century developed as a result of the city-wide organizations that unhappy workers were establishing. These men and women were determined to receive the rights and privileges they deserved as citizens of a free country. They refused to be treated like slaves, and work under unbearable conditions any longer. Workers joined together and realized that a group is much more powerful than an individual when protesting against intimidating companies. Workers ... Technological improvements continually reduced the demand for skilled labor. ... The first large national labor organization to become popular was the Noble and Holy Order of the Knights of Labor. ... Their goals were an eight-hour work day, a minimum wage, arbitration rather than strikes, health and safety laws, equal pay for equal work, and no child labor under the age of fourteen, However, the Knights of Labor was a relatively weak organization, and eventually fell apart. In 1886, the American Federation of Labor (AF of L) was formed and replaced the Knights of Labor. ... It is apparent t... Wordcount: 939 Pages: 4
Improvement of American Labor
Beginning in 1866 until the present time many labor leaders have initiated many effective and important labor laws. Throughout the past one hundred plus years there have been many steps forward in the labor movement along with a few major steps back. The actions of these labor leaders and the accomplishments of the acts that they have helped to pass have paved the way for the American worker in today's society. One of the labor laws that had an impact was the Taft-Hartley Act. The Taft-Hart ... Beginning in 1866 until the present time many labor leaders have initiated many effective and important labor laws. ... Another of the labor acts that contributed to the labor movement was the National Labor Relations Act. ... An important labor leader in the early labor movement was Francis Perkins. ... She also was an advocate of social security, wage and hour regulation, and the abolition of child labor. ... Debs was another famous labor leader. ... Wordcount: 1554 Pages: 6
The West Decision For Aid from Countries Supporting Child Labor
 No they should not withdraw aid for the basic reason that if there is economic development countries other than the one being talked about in particular should not have a say in what is correct for social, political and economic development.  Countries such as the USA still use child labor today and children make the largest importers of goods. Here there is economic as well as social and political development and the literacy rates almost equal if not higher than those countries, whi ... .  Countries such as the USA still use child labor today and children make the largest importers of goods. ... All three countries are under-developed, support child labor and are receiving aid from UNICEF. ... USA & UK made the mistake of using child labor and are now the world"s leading economies. ... (ii) Build on national and international laws concerning child labor and make laws about what age the working of a child is legal, with the help of the West. ... These businesses are reasonably small exploiters of child labor. ... Wordcount: 1515 Pages: 6
American Industrial Revolution Worker's Problem
The industrial revolution led to many problems for workers. These problems lead to the development of Labor Unions. Workers had many problems that they wanted to change. They worked for a lot of hours for little pay; the workers campaigned for a 10-hour working day. Their working conditions were hazardous to their health. The workers could not solve these problems individually; they needed to become organized and unite. Some unions were developed. One major Union was the Knights of Labor. T ... These problems lead to the development of Labor Unions. ... One major Union was the Knights of Labor. ... Their goals were to endeavor for an eight-hour working day, laws establishing a minimum weekly higher wage, the use of arbitration rather than strikes to settle disputes, laws to protect the health and safety of industrial workers, equal pay for equal work, an end to child labor under 14 years of age and government ownership of railroads, telegraphs and telephones. The public did not like Labor Unions in the late 1800s. ... These problems were endeavored to be solved in the ways state... Wordcount: 285 Pages: 1
Paper on Crucial Role of Migrant Labor Systems
Apartheid did not begin as apartheid but as a divine religious belief of the early Dutch settlers to South Africa in 1652. The Dutch religious doctrine of that time preached that God had elected a chosen people (Giniewski, 1965), which the Dutch believed were themselves. This dogma preached that there should be no unity between the different races, but segregation of the races(Giniewski, 1965) and that Christians "whites" were given official authority/guardian ship over the natives (Blacks, In ... To completely understand the impact that migrant labor has had on the African family and child. ... This was the creation of what we know now as the migrant labor force. ... The manner in which the migrant labor force was created to function has had a devastated effect on the South African family and the South African child. ... This time spent together is needed in order to build the bond between husband and wife, parent and child. ... The effects that migrant labour has had on the African child are deep and unyielding. ... Wordcount: 2338 Pages: 9
Sweatshops Issues in the Unites States
Sweatshops in the United States Americans love to shop. With malls everywhere you go, shopping just might be America"s favorite past time! When you are out shopping though, do you ever stop to think where all of those clothes and shoes come from? When I was younger, well, actually until recently, I always thought they were all made by machines. Shirt machines, pants machines...you get the picture. I have learned, however, that for the most part, clothes are still made on sewing machines, by p ... The Fair Labor Standards Act, (FLSA) guaranteed a $.25 an hour minimum wage, prohibited child labor, and required that employers keep adequate time and payroll records. ... Many use illegal immigrants to work; some even use child labor. ... On August 2, 1995, the Department of Labor raided a factory in El Monte, California. ... The Department of Labor is forced to rely mainly on raising public awareness through the No Sweat Campaign. ... The Department of Labor"s No Sweat Campaign recommends three ways to consumers to investigate whether clothing is "No Sweat.... Wordcount: 1076 Pages: 4
The Story of Hercules and his Labors
The Story of Hercules With Greek Mythology a common subject in today"s modern classrooms, understanding the characters and ideas behind it is important. Mythology is made up of many different concepts, including powerful gods, weak humans, great heroes, horrific monsters, and even a little magic. Each story in Greek Mythology can be tied to another, each having some of the common stated characteristics. The stories interweave to give one massive collection of tales of powerful gods and brave m ... (Rouse 55) Hercules was the child of Zeus and Alcmena, the princess of Thebes. ... At the time of his birth, Zeus swore that the next child born would rule the great city of Mycenae. ... He now became his servant, and had to do the "labors" presented before him. (Hamilton 163) His first labor was to kill the great lion of Peloponnese, known as Nemean. ... (Hamilton 164) For his third labor, Hercules had to capture the Cerynitian Hind. ... Wordcount: 1738 Pages: 7
The Contract Labor Scam on Big Businesses
To many immigrants, the dream of coming to the United States to seek a better life quickly transforms into a nightmare of forced labor and unfair wages. Many Americans remain oblivious to these conditions, relying on the reassurances provided by American wage and hour laws. However, many immigrants cannot avail themselves of the protections provided by those laws because they may not be legally in the United States. Furthermore, even documented immigrants can have trouble finding jobs, due t ... Contract labor is not a new concept. ... Big business is in on the contract labor scam. ... Furthermore, discriminatory labor practices are not the exclusive province of big business. ... Perhaps labor conditions within the United States would be more shocking to people if the United States had some type of policy regarding the use of sweatshop labor abroad. ... It is the same parents that feel they would be depriving their child of a necessity if they failed to buy toys, which support industries that have virtual child slavery. ... Wordcount: 1160 Pages: 5 Bibliography
Nigeria Labor Practices and Policies
Introduction For the past years the company has been experiencing hampered development in terms of production and distribution of our clothing line. This slow setback has been seen as a result of inadequate marketing railing against exposure and product brand recall. Erroneous decisions in market positioning have also been some of the factors that resulted to poor outcome thus hindering the company's gain for profit. This paper is geared towards exploring new avenues with regards to new ... Case Study on Nigeria Labor Practices and Policies Like any other sovereign country, labor policies in Nigeria are being controlled and monitored by the government. Labor union practices are allowed by the state, as part of the international community, Nigeria has signed and ratified the International Labor Organization's (ILO) convention on freedom of association and the creation of labor union. however, prior (military) rulers recognized a single central labor body, the Nigerian Labor Congress (NLC), thereby de-legitimizing other unions. ... In terms of the protection of Nig... Wordcount: 2135 Pages: 9 Bibliography
History of Labor in America-
History of Labor in America- The Industrial Revolution was dawning in the United States. At Lowell, Massachusetts, the construction of a big cotton mill began in 1821. It was the first of several that would be built there in the next 10 years. The machinery to spin and weave cotton into cloth would be driven by water power. All that the factory owners needed was a dependable supply of labor to tend the machines. As most jobs in cotton factories required neither great strength ... Labor in America faced a long, uphill struggle to win fair treatment. ... He was concerned less with their welfare than with the cost of their labor. ... Labor's tactics in those early times were simple. ... In the next two decades, unions campaigned for a 10-hour working day and against child labor. ... For this reason, the majority did not join labor unions. ... Wordcount: 5190 Pages: 21
History of Labor Force in America
History of Labor in America The Industrial Revolution was dawning in the United States. At Lowell, Massachusetts, the construction of a big cotton mill began in 1821. It was the first of several that would be built there in the next 10 years. The machinery to spin and weave cotton into cloth would be driven by water power. All that the factory owners needed was a dependable supply of labor to tend the machines. As most jobs in cotton factories required neither ... Labor in America faced a long, uphill struggle to win fair treatment. ... He was concerned less with their welfare than with the cost of their labor. ... Labor's tactics in those early times were simple. ... In the next two decades, unions campaigned for a 10-hour working day and against child labor. ... For this reason, the majority did not join labor unions. ... Wordcount: 5632 Pages: 23
Labor Unions in U.S.
Labor Unions must be understood in the context of the economic structures that occurred within the United States and included the agrarian, industrial, and post industrial period (Cohen 27). In the year 1700, there were approximately 220,000 people living in the United States and approximately 95% were farmers (94 Almanac 53). The farmers comprised small communities and at that time there was no need for Unions as we know them today. Some of the earliest Unions were created in the ... Working conditions in factories were deplorable, with long hours, child labor and numerous industrial accidents that claimed many lives each year (Leap 30). ... The labor movement in the United States began very slowly due to the oppressive actions taken by the large companies against the labor activists, which included firing employees, beatings, and killings. ... Violence often was the result of result of early attempts at organizing labor movements. ... With the population at over 92 million people in 1914, many who were now working in factories, the government began to recognize labo... Wordcount: 3156 Pages: 13
Lowell Experiment
Labor and Unions in America The Industrial Revolution was dawning in the United States. At Lowell, Massachusetts, the construction of a big cotton mill began in 1821. It was the first of several that would be built there in the next 10 years. The machinery to spin and weave cotton into cloth would be driven by water power. All that the factory owners needed was a dependable supply of labor to tend the machines. As most jobs in cotton factories required neither great strength nor special skills ... Labor and Unions in America The Industrial Revolution was dawning in the United States. ... Labor in America faced a long, uphill struggle to win fair treatment. ... Labor"s tactics in those early times were simple. ... UNION STRUGGLES In the next two decades, unions campaigned for a 10-hour working day and against child labor. ... For this reason, the majority did not join labor unions. ... Wordcount: 5100 Pages: 20
The History of labor in the United States
March 26, 1911 is a day that still remains an important one in history, especially in the history of labor in the United States. As the author notes, the fire only lasted half an hour (Von Drehle 2), but that was enough to make it one of the worst disasters that ever happened at a place of employment. In fact, it held that record for nearly 100 years. The fire caused a stir in New York and around the country, and led to very extensive workplace reforms, such as fewer working hours, child labo ... March 26, 1911 is a day that still remains an important one in history, especially in the history of labor in the United States. ... The fire caused a stir in New York and around the country, and led to very extensive workplace reforms, such as fewer working hours, child labor laws, and even building and fire codes to try to keep a tragedy like this from happening again. ... The owners consistently disregarded human life in their quest for sales and profits, and so, many of the young women who worked 12 or 14 hours a day at back-breaking labor did not even have names to the people who employ... Wordcount: 1542 Pages: 6 Bibliography
Industrial Revolution Period
The Industrial Revolution created an enormous increase in the production of many kinds of goods. Some of this increase in production resulted from the introduction of power-driven machinery and the development of factory organization. Before the revolution, manufacturing was done by hand or simple machines. Most people worked at home in rural areas. The Industrial Revolution eventually took manufacturing out of the home and workshop. Power-driven machines replaced handwork, and factories dev ... Around 1865 labor unions were beginning to form to protect the working force. The Knights of Labor formed in 1869 and grew in spurts between 1874 and 1885. Then in 1890 the American Federation of Labor replaced the Knights of Labor as the dominant union. ... They pleaded that the government must play a larger role in regulating economic activity including the prohibition of child labor, alcoholic beverages, and business monopolies. ... This act gave labor unions legal rights and powers under federal law. ... Wordcount: 1355 Pages: 5
Child Labor as a crime
Child Labour Childhood is a vital and powerful experience in each individual's lifetime. It is the most important and impressionable period of learning. Throughout all of the highs and the lows, childhood is remembered forever. Although children have many rights, in some developing countries these rights are not always protected. Older, manipulative adults are taking advantage of children to make a profit for themselves. This is known as child labour, and it happens much more than many ... Child labour happens in many countries. ... Child labour involves children working at a very young age. ... The roles of parent and child have been reversed. ... Child labour is cruel and in appropriate. ... Actions are now being taken to stop child labour. ... Wordcount: 1601 Pages: 6
WWII: Woman's Take Over The Man's Job
World War II marked a retreat from the existing notions of women's capabilities and proper roles. With the men gone at war, women had to take over the work force. Government propaganda encouraged women to do their patriotic duty by leaving their homes and entering the workplace. At the wartime peak in July 1944, 19 million women were employed. This was an increase of 47% over the level in March of 1940. For the first time, married women outnumbered single women in the work force. Women ov ... Women over thirty-five made up 60% of the increase in the labor force. ... Many employers persisted in discriminatory practices, even in the face of unmet labor requirements. ... The most important and controversial of these was the federally subsidized child care system which began under the provisions of the Lanham Act. ... If the child care system was inadequate, other programs to provide community services to women workers were nonexistent for practical reasons. ... Working mothers were blamed for a rising divorce rate, child neglect, an increasing rate of juvenile delinquency, and man... Wordcount: 1899 Pages: 8